La Forza Del Destino

La Forza Del Destino
Composer:Giuseppe Verdi
Conductor:Francesco Molinari-Pradelli


La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny) is an Italian opera by Giuseppe Verdi. The libretto was written by Francesco Maria Piave based on a Spanish drama, Don Álvaro, o La fuerza del sino (1835), by Ángel de Saavedra, Duke of Rivas, with a scene adapted from Friedrich Schiller's Wallensteins Lager. It was first performed in the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre of St. Petersburg, Russia, on 10 November 1862.

After some further revisions, performances in Rome in 1863 (as Don Alvaro) and Madrid (with the Duke of Rivas, the play's author, in attendance) followed shortly afterwards, and the opera subsequently travelled to New York and Vienna (1865), Buenos Aires (1866) and London (1867).

Verdi made other revisions, with additions by Antonio Ghislanzoni. This version, which premiered at La Scala, Milan, on 27 February 1869, has become the "standard" performance version. The most important changes were a new overture (replacing a brief prelude); the addition of a final scene to Act 3, following the duel between Carlo and Alvaro; and a new ending, in which Alvaro remains alive, instead of throwing himself off a cliff to his death.

Act 1

The mansion of Leonora's family, in Seville

Don Alvaro is a young nobleman from South America (presumably Peru) who is part Indian and who has settled in Seville, where, however, he is not very well thought of. He falls in love with Donna Leonora, the daughter of the Marquis of Calatrava, who, notwithstanding his love for his daughter, is determined that she shall marry only a man of the highest origin. Leonora, knowing her father’s aversion to and deeply in love with Alvaro, determines to give up her home and country in order to elope with him, aided by her confidante, Curra.(Me pellegrina ed orfana - "Exiled and orphaned far from my childhood home").

Her father unexpectedly enters and discovers Alvaro; he threatens him with death, and, in order to remove any suspicion as to Leonora’s purity, Alvaro offers to surrender himself to the Marquis. He flings down his pistol which goes off and mortally wounds the Marquis who dies cursing his daughter.

Act 2

Scene 1: An inn in the village of Hornachuelos

The Alcalde, several peasant muleteers, and Don Carlo of Vargas, the brother of Doña Leonora, are gathered in the kitchen of an inn. Don Carlo, disguised as a student of Salamanca, under the fictitious name of Pereda, is seeking revenge against Alvaro and Leonora (Son Pereda son ricco d'onore - "I am Pereda, of honorable descent"). During the supper, Preziosilla, a young gypsy, tells the young men’s fortunes and exhorts them to enlist in the war (Al suon del tamburo - "When side drums rattle") for Italy’s freedom, which all agree to do. Having become separated from Alvaro, Leonora arrives in male attire, but slips away without being discovered by Carlo.

Scene 2: A monastery nearby

Leonora takes refuge in the monastery (Sono giunta! ... Madre, pietosa Vergine - "I've got here! Oh, thank God!") where she tells the abbot, Padre Guardiano, her true name and that she intends to spend the remainder of her life in a hermitage. The abbot recounts the trials she will have to undergo. Leonora, Padre Guardiano, Fra Melitone, and the other monks join in prayer.

Act 3

Scene 1: A forest near Velletri, in Italy

Meanwhile Don Alvaro has joined the Spanish army under the name of Don Federico Herreros (La vita è inferno ... O tu che in seno agli angeli - "Life is a hell to those who are unhappy....Oh, my beloved, risen among the angels"). One night he saves the life of Don Carlo who is serving in the same army under the name of Don Felix Bornos. They become close friends and go into battle side by side.

Scene 2: The officers' quarters

In one of these engagements Don Alvaro is, as he supposes, mortally wounded, and confides to Don Carlo’s care a valise containing a bundle of letters which he is to destroy as soon as Don Alvaro dies. (Solenne in quest'ora - "Swear to me, in this solemn hour"). Don Carlo has sworn not to look at the contents of the letters; but he becomes suspicious of his friend. (Morir! Tremenda cosa! ... Urna fatale del mio destino - "To die! What an awesome thought...Get away, fatal lot sent to my Destiny!"). He opens the valise, finds his sister’s picture, and realizes Alvaro's true identity. At that moment a surgeon brings word that Don Alvaro may recover. Don Carlo is overjoyed at the idea of avenging his father’s death.

Scene 3: A camp near the battleground

Alvaro, having recovered, is confronted by Carlo. They begin to duel but are pulled away from each other by the soldiers. As they restrain Carlo, the anguished Don Alvaro vows to enter a monastery.

The soldiers gather. Trabucco, the peddler, tries to sell them his wares; Fra Melitone chastises them for their godless ways; and Preziosilla leads them in a chorus in praise of the military life (Rataplan, rataplan, della gloria - "Rum-tum-tum on the drum is the music that makes a soldier's martial spirit rise").

Act 4

Scene 1: The monastery

Don Alvaro has entered the monastery at Hornachuelos, near which is Leonora’s cave, under the name of Father Raphael. Don Carlo arrives and forces him to fight (Le minacci, i fieri accenti - "May the winds carry off with them").

Scene 2: A desolate spot near Leonora's hermitage

Leonora prays that she may find peace in death (Pace, pace mio Dio! - "Peace, O mighty Father, give me peace!"). Alvaro runs in, calling for help, having mortally wounded Carlo in their duel. The two lovers recognize each other. Leonora runs offstage to see her brother, who, when she bends over him, stabs her to the heart. Leonora returns with Padre Guardiano; he and Alvaro pray to heaven as she dies.

Show more...
1 01 Sinfonia 7:18 6.69 Mb 128 Kbps buy


1 02 Buona notte, mia figlia Marquis 3:57 3.62 Mb 128 Kbps buy
2 03 Me pellegrina ed orfana Leonora 4:01 3.68 Mb 128 Kbps buy
3 04 Ah! per sempre, o mio bell'angelo Alvaro 6:38 6.07 Mb 128 Kbps buy
4 05 Vil seddutor!... Infame figlia! Marquis 2:01 1.85 Mb 128 Kbps buy


1 06 Hola, hola, hola! Peasants, Muleteers 1:20 1.23 Mb 128 Kbps buy
2 07 La cena e pronta Alcade 2:12 2.01 Mb 128 Kbps buy
3 08 Al suon del tamburo Preziosilla 3:14 2.96 Mb 128 Kbps buy
4 09 Padre Eterno, Signor, pieta di noi! Pilgrims 3:37 3.32 Mb 128 Kbps buy
5 10 Viva la buona compagnia! Student 1:54 1.74 Mb 128 Kbps buy
6 11 Poich'e imberbe l'incognito Student 3:10 2.90 Mb 128 Kbps buy
7 12 Sta bene Alcade 2:49 2.58 Mb 128 Kbps buy
8 13 Son giunta! Grazie, o Dio! Leonora 6:18 5.77 Mb 128 Kbps buy
9 14 Chi siete Melitone 2:58 2.71 Mb 128 Kbps buy
10 15 Or siam soli Guardiano 11:58 10.96 Mb 128 Kbps buy
11 16 Il santo nome di Dio Signore Guardiano 11:08 10.20 Mb 128 Kbps buy


1 17 Attenti al gioco, attenti Chorus 5:09 4.71 Mb 128 Kbps buy
2 18 Della natal sua terra Alvaro 4:25 4.04 Mb 128 Kbps buy
3 19 Al tradimento! Carlo 2:19 2.12 Mb 128 Kbps buy
4 20 All'armi! All'armi! Voices 3:51 3.53 Mb 128 Kbps buy
5 21 Solenne in quest'ora Alvaro 6:13 5.69 Mb 128 Kbps buy
6 22 Urna fatale del mio destino Carlo 5:12 4.76 Mb 128 Kbps buy
7 23 Compagni, sostiamo Patrol 3:13 2.95 Mb 128 Kbps buy
8 24 Voi che si larghe cure Alvaro 8:29 7.76 Mb 128 Kbps buy
9 25 Venite all'indovina Preziosilla 2:14 2.04 Mb 128 Kbps buy
10 26 A buon mercato chi vuol comprare Trabuco 2:09 1.97 Mb 128 Kbps buy
11 27 Pane, pan, per carita Peasants 2:44 2.51 Mb 128 Kbps buy
12 28 Nella guerra e la follia Preziosilla, Camp Followers, Recruits, Soldiers 2:01 1.85 Mb 128 Kbps buy
13 29 Toh, toh! Poffare il mondo! Melitene 3:21 3.07 Mb 128 Kbps buy
14 30 Lasciatelo, ch'ei vada Preziosilla 3:16 3.00 Mb 128 Kbps buy


1 31 Fate la carita Beggars 3:36 3.30 Mb 128 Kbps buy
2 32 Si, si, ma in otto giorni Melitene 3:11 2.91 Mb 128 Kbps buy
3 33 Ouf!... Pazienza non v'ha che basti! Melitene 4:16 3.91 Mb 128 Kbps buy
4 34 Giunge qualcun; aprite Guardiano 2:15 2.05 Mb 128 Kbps buy
5 35 Fratello... Riconoscimi! Alvaro, Carlo 7:18 6.68 Mb 128 Kbps buy
6 36 Pace, pace, mio Dio! Leonora 5:48 5.31 Mb 128 Kbps buy
7 37 Io muoio!... Confessione! Carlo's Voice 3:15 2.97 Mb 128 Kbps buy
8 38 Non imprecare; umiliati Guardiano 5:29 5.02 Mb 128 Kbps buy

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